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Silica Sol Lost Wax Precision investment Casting aluminum or Brass Pump Case

Silica Sol Lost Wax Precision investment Casting aluminum or Brass Pump Case

Brand Name : GSC
Model Number : None
Certification : CE/SGS/TUV
Place of Origin : China
MOQ : 500pcs
Price : negotiation
Payment Terms : T/T or LC
Supply Ability : 200000 pcs per month
Delivery Time : 30 days after received your down payment
Packaging Details : Ton bags
Product Name : Pump Case
Material : Cast steel
Type : Pump
Surface treatment : Cold galvanizing
Size : Based on customer’s drawings
Weight : 8KG
Package : Standard Ton Bags
Production type : OEM
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Pump Case



Iron, Steel, Stainless Steel, Carbon Steel, Bronze, Brass, Aluminum, Aluminium alloy, Copper, Metals, Alloy Steel, etc.

Casting Process

Waterglass Casting, Lost Foam Casting, Silica Sol Lost Wax Investment Casting, Shell Mould Casting, Solid Investment Casting

Weight Range


Surface finish - Ra

16 - 300 μin


± 0.005 in.

Surface Treatment

Zinc Plating, Powder Coating, Painting, Black Oxide, Mirror Polish, etc.

Heat Treatment

Annealing, Quenching, Normalizing, Carburizing, Tempering



Drawing Software

Pro-E, UG, Solidworks, AutoCAD


Can form complex shapes and fine details
Many material options
High strength parts
Very good surface finish and accuracy
Little need for secondary machining


Engine components, pump components, appliance housing, aerospace industries, power generation industries, complex shapes turbine blades , cooling systems, equiaxed blades, triggers, hammers, military, medical industries , commercial industries and automotive industries, engine blocks, manifolds, national defense, agriculture, construction, mining, material handling, general industrial equipment, machine bases, gears, pulleys, scaffold, etc.

Investment casting is an industrial process based on and also called lost-wax casting, one of the oldest

known metal-forming techniques.From 5,000 years ago, when beeswax formed the pattern, to today’s high-

technology waxes, refractory materials and specialist alloys, the castings allow the production of

components with accuracy, repeatability, versatility and integrity in a variety of metals and high-

performance alloys. Lost-foam casting is a modern form of investment casting that eliminates certain steps in the process.

There are a variety of materials that can be used for the investment casting process, including stainless

steel alloys, brass, aluminum, and carbon steel. The material is poured into a ceramic cavity designed to

create an exact duplicate of the desired part. Investment casting can reduce the need for secondary

machining by providing castings to shape.

Casts can be made of the wax model itself, the direct method; or of a wax copy of a model that need not be

of wax, the indirect method. The following steps are for the indirect process which can take two days to one

week to complete.

Produce a master pattern: An artist or mould-maker creates an original pattern from wax, clay, wood,

plastic, steel, or another material.
Mouldmaking: A mould, known as the master die, is made of the master pattern. The master pattern may

be made from a low-melting-point metal, steel, or wood. If a steel pattern was created then a low-melting-

point metal may be cast directly from the master pattern. Rubber moulds can also be cast directly from the

master pattern. The first step may also be skipped if the master die is machined directly into steel.
Produce the wax patterns: Although called a wax pattern, pattern materials also include plastic and frozen

mercury. Wax patterns may be produced in one of two ways. In one process the wax is poured into the

mold and swished around until an even coating, usually about 3 mm (0.12 in) thick, covers the inner surface

of the mould. This is repeated until the desired thickness is reached. Another method is filling the entire

mould with molten wax, and let it cool, until a desired thickness has set on the surface of the mould. After

this the rest of the wax is poured out again, the mould is turned upside down and the wax layer is left to

cool and harden. With this method it is more difficult to control the overall thickness of the wax layer.

If a core is required, there are two options: soluble wax or ceramic. Soluble wax cores are designed to melt

out of the investment coating with the rest of the wax pattern, whereas ceramic cores remain part of the

wax pattern and are removed after the workpiece is cast.

Assemble the wax patterns: The wax pattern is then removed from the mould. Depending on the

application multiple wax patterns may be created so that they can all be cast at once. In other applications,

multiple different wax patterns may be created and then assembled into one complex pattern. In the first

case the multiple patterns are attached to a wax sprue, with the result known as a pattern cluster, or tree;

as many as several hundred patterns may be assembled into a tree. Foundries often use registration marks

to indicate exactly where they go.The wax patterns are attached to the sprue or each other by means of a

heated metal tool.The wax pattern may also be chased, which means the parting line or flashing are rubbed

out using the heated metal tool. Finally it is dressed, which means any other imperfections are addressed

so that the wax now looks like the finished piece.

Investment: The ceramic mould, known as the investment, is produced by three repeating steps: coating,

stuccoing, and hardening. The first step involves dipping the cluster into a slurry of fine refractory material

and then letting any excess drain off, so a uniform surface is produced. This fine material is used first to

give a smooth surface finish and reproduce fine details. In the second step, the cluster is stuccoed with a

coarse ceramic particle, by dipping it into a fluidised bed, placing it in a rainfall-sander, or by applying by

hand. Finally, the coating is allowed to harden. These steps are repeated until the investment is the

required thickness, which is usually 5 to 15 mm (0.2 to 0.6 in). Note that the first coatings are known as

prime coats. An alternative to multiple dips is to place the cluster upside-down in a flask and then liquid

investment material is poured into the flask. The flask is then vibrated to allow entrapped air to escape and

help the investment material fill in all of the details.Common refractory materials used to create the

investments are: silica, zircon, various aluminium silicates, and alumina. Silica is usually used in the fused

silica form, but sometimes quartz is used because it is less expensive. Aluminium silicates are a mixture of

alumina and silica, where commonly used mixtures have an alumina content from 42 to 72%; at 72%

alumina the compound is known as mullite. During the primary coat, zircon-based refractories are

commonly used, because zirconium is less likely to react with the molten metal.Chamotte is another

refractory material that has been used. Prior to silica, a mixture of plaster and ground up old molds was

used.The binders used to hold the refractory material in place include: ethyl silicate (alcohol-based and

chemically set), colloidal silica (water-based, also known as silica sol, set by drying), sodium silicate, and a

hybrid of these controlled for pH and viscosity.
Dewax: The investment is then allowed to completely dry, which can take 16 to 48 hours. Drying can be

enhanced by applying a vacuum or minimizing the environmental humidity. It is then turned upside-down

and placed in a furnace or autoclave to melt out and/or vaporize the wax. Most shell failures occur at this

point because the waxes used have a thermal expansion coefficient that is much greater than the

investment material surrounding it, so as the wax is heated it expands and induces great stresses. In order

to minimize these stresses the wax is heated as rapidly as possible so that the surface of the wax can melt

into the surface of the investment or run out of the mold, which makes room for the rest of the wax to

expand. In certain situations holes may be drilled into the mold beforehand to help reduce these stresses.

Any wax that runs out of the mold is usually recovered and reused.

Burnout & preheating: The mold is then subjected to a burnout, which heats the mold between 870 °C

and 1095 °C to remove any moisture and residual wax, and to sinter the mold. Sometimes this heating is

also used as the preheat, but other times the mold is allowed to cool so that it can be tested. If any cracks

are found they can be repaired with ceramic slurry or special cements. The mold is preheated to allow the

metal to stay liquid longer to fill any details and to increase dimensional accuracy, because the mold and

casting cool together.

Pouring: The investment mold is then placed cup-upwards into a tub filled with sand. The metal may be

gravity poured, but if there are thin sections in the mold it may be filled by applying positive air pressure,

vacuum cast, tilt cast, pressure assisted pouring, or centrifugal cast.

Divesting: The shell is hammered, media blasted, vibrated, waterjeted, or chemically dissolved (sometimes

with liquid nitrogen) to release the casting. The sprue is cut off and recycled. The casting may then be

cleaned up to remove signs of the casting process, usually by grinding.

In order to develop and maintain our reputation as a world class supplier to OEM manufacturers globally,

we have invested heavily in quality, service, technology and people. We are an ISO 9001:2000 certified

company and as such have documented

procedures and practices to ensure the highest levels of service to our customers. As a result of our rapid

and continued growth,

we have expanded our management and technical teams and ensure that they are trained in the latest

technologies and foundry practices.Our management and engineering teams receive continuous upgrading

at schools such as the Beijing Qinghua University and various foundry colleges in the region. We are also

dedicated to providing our workers with regular classes taught by qualified instructors on the many varied

foundry practices and procedures we use at GSC.

Every new casting that GSC produces is studied extensively for form, function and finish before we ever cut

any wood or pour plastic for the pattern. We feel that a commitment to detailed planning, involvement of our

customer in the planning procedures and choosing the appropriate foundry methoding, not only greatly

reduces lead times for accurateand high quality prototypes, but also results in high quality production

castings. It has also proven to reduce the time from concept (drawing) to production castings.

OEM Service

We provide OEM service for all of our clients,we will manufacture strictly based on your drawings.

Please send us your drawings or inquiry

Product Tags:

lost wax investment casting

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